Gyneomastia is a common condition of male teenagers and men which is abnormal enlargement of the breasts. The name comes from the Greek words Gyne (woman) and mastia (breast) It occurs in many adolescent boys due to the hormonal effects of puberty and most of the time it goes away on its own in a few years. When it doesn’t, one can be emotionally devastated in our society with persistent feelings of shame, embarrassment, and humiliation. Many teenagers so afflicted suffer anxiety over the common acts of taking one’s shirt off at the pool or in the gym. Middle-aged and older men can also develop gynecomastia with the most common causes being the aging effects of low testosterone levels and the side effects of many medications.
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The first thing any gynecomastia patient should do is to see their family physician and be evaluated to rule out rare, but potentially treatable, causes of it including endocrine abnormalities, tumors, and certain genetic conditions. When one is obese, weight loss can help reduce the size of its appearance but will not eliminate it. Currently, the concept of exercise has become popularized to reduce gynecomastia but there is no medical evidence to suggest that it is effective.
For most cases of gynecomastia, surgery is the only proven solution. Dr. Eppley uses a variety of surgical techniques to treat breast conditions in men. Depending upon the make-up of the tissue problem, gynecomastia reduction techniques include laser-assisted liposuction (Smartlipo), open areolar excision, periareolar breast reduction with and without liposuction, and mastectomy with free nipple grafting. Each of these methods has advantages and disadvantages and no one approach is right for everyone. Given the different sizes and shapes of gynecomastia, every patient needs a customized surgical plan for their specific chest problem. Visit Dr. Eppley in Indianapolis to help you get a flatter and more masculine chest shape and contour.